World Malaria Day
- It is celebrated on April 25th to underline the commitment of collective work to address the disease
The symptoms of malaria such as fever, headache and chills, usually appear between 7 and 15 days after the mosquito bite, depending on the species of malaria in question. In addition, if malaria progresses, severe anaemia, respiratory distress and other problems may provoke brain malaria. In areas where the disease is endemic, people may acquire partial immunity, which makes possible to develop asymptomatic infections that remain undiagnosed or untreated hence, increasing the disease potential for transmission, explains WHO.
The most affected regions are Sub-Saharan Africa, South eastern Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific and the Americas. WHO's Africa Region supports the largest malaria burden in the world, being this its most serious form. In 2016, 90% of cases and 91% of deaths due to malaria occurred in this region. Also the same year, the 14 countries in Africa and India suffered 80% of the global load of this disease.
Diagnosis and treatment
This organization recommends confirmation of the diagnosis with parasitological methods, prior to administering the treatment.
Malaria is one of the diseases part of WHO's 2016-2030 World Technical Strategy meaning that by 2030 this disease has to end in all countries where it is considered endemic throughout a common strategy to guide and support national and regional programs in its fight to eradicate malaria. Some of the points of this strategy for 2030 are:
- Reduce the incidence of malaria at least by 90%
- Reduce mortality by malaria by at least 90%
- Eliminate the disease in at least 35 countries
- Prevent its reappearance in countries where its eradication has been certified
Probitas in the fight against malaria