To contribute to the prevention of the main diseases linked to a lack of access to water and sanitation at two rural schools in the municipality of San José de Bocay, Nicaragua

San José de Bocay is the fourth poorest municipality in Nicaragua, where inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure and a lack of information and hygienic habits contribute to a higher prevalence of preventable diseases. The action seeks to improve health conditions at two public schools, thereby contributing to better health, education and development for the school-age population.


CONTEXT
In Nicaragua the levels of access to water and sanitation are among the lowest in Central America. Specifically, in the municipality of San José de Bocay 75% of the population lives in extreme poverty, and the levels of access to water and sanitation are below the national average.

The situation at rural schools in Nicaragua is quite distressing, as 20% have access to non-potable water, 64% do not have a hand-washing basin, and more than 20% do not have improved sanitary facilities.

PROJECT 
The purpose of the project is to contribute to the prevention of the main diseases related to the lack of access to water and sanitation at two rural schools in the community of Ayapal, in the municipality of San José de Bocay, through the implementation of innovative solutions in the technology used and training in hygienic practices.

The project's main activities include training in hygienic practices (hand-washing and personal hygiene, solid waste management and the disposal of faeces, the appropriate treatment and use of water, for both consumption and cooking).

Another of the actions that will be taken is the construction of improved water and sanitation infrastructures (including 11 toilets and 8 urinals, separate for boys and girls).

Finally, the project will allow for the coordination and strengthening of public institutions, engaging staff with authorities in charge of education and health in order to promote practices including improved hygienic habits, care for and the future maintenance of infrastructures, carried out within the framework of the project.

Through these different actions of the project we aim to contribute to the full enjoyment of the human rights to water and sanitation in rural Nicaragua.

BENEFICIARIES
The population of direct beneficiaries consists of 873 students and 26 teachers at the two public schools in the community of Ayapal. Of these, 17 are women, 406 are girls under the age of 15, and 467 are children under 15.

The number of indirect beneficiaries is 5,000 inhabitants of the community of Ayapal, of which 2,550 are women and girls.