Improving Malaria Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment in Cameroonian Refugee Settlements and Host Communities, Nigeria.

In late 2016, differences over regional judicial and educational systems triggered political tensions in the Southwest and Northwest regions of Cameroon. The violence is escalated in October 2017, when the National Army and the secessionist armed forces demanded an independent state clashed.


Context

In late 2016, differences over regional judicial and educational systems triggered political tensions in the Southwest and Northwest regions of Cameroon. The violence is escalated in October 2017, when the National Army and the secessionist armed forces demanded an independent state clashed. When first refugees began to arrive in Nigeria, they were completely dependent on assistance and support provided by local population, whose living conditions were already difficult. Fortunately, refugees received a warm welcome related with friendship between the populations on both sides of the border.

In December 2018, the United Nations estimated that the violence had caused internal displacement of more than 437,000 people. The same violence had also led to the departure of more than 32,000 Cameroonian refugees from the country to the Nigerian state of Cross River. Since our first intervention, Probitas continues to provide technical and financial support to UNHCR in Nigeria, specifically in the settlements of Anyake, Kwande region in Benue state, and Adagom, Ogoja region in Cross River state.

Moreover, and despite the efforts, and according to 2019 data, Nigeria continues to contribute to the statistics a chilling first place with 24% of deaths from malaria worldwide. UNHCR Nigeria works closely with government health services to ensure their care in the national health system in host communities adjacent to Cameroonian refugee settlements.

Some of 87 local communities in the states of Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River and Taraba are hosted around 51,000 refugees who arrived before this latest wave of 2020. In addition, there are four settlements where UNHCR and partner humanitarian organizations are providing protection, food, livelihood, shelter and health care. According to UN estimates, more than 679,000 people are currently displaced in the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon, adding to the nearly 60,000 who have crossed the Nigerian border to seek asylum.

Draft

"Improving Malaria Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment in Cameroonian Refugee Settlements and Host Communities, Nigeria."

General objective of the Project:

Contribute to the international protection of Cameroonian refugees in Nigeria, ensuring right to health and quality of life of the refugee and local host population.

 

Specific objectives:

- It is expected to reduce the prevalence of malaria in the area intervention, by improving capacities of malaria management (for diagnosis and treatment) and strengthening preventive health for 47,600 refugees and 5,000 people from host communities.

- It is also expected to reduce the prevalence of malaria in children under 5 years of age in the intervention area.

 

Summary of project activities:

With the long-term vision of achieving a malaria-free Nigeria and the goal of reducing the burden of malaria to very low levels and bringing malaria-related mortality to zero, the goals of the National Malaria Strategic Plan 2014-2020 that motivate the following activities are:

  • Provide adequate preventive measures to target populations.
  • Test all persons seeking medical attention with suspected malaria using rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) or microscopy.
  • Treat all people with confirmed malaria in public or private facilities with effective antimalarial drugs.
  • Provide adequate information to the entire population so that adequate malaria prevention and treatment measures are routinely adopted, as necessary.
  • Ensure the timely availability of appropriate antimalarial drugs and products necessary for the prevention and treatment of malaria in Nigeria, wherever they are needed.
  • Ensure that health centres in all localities regularly report on malaria, that progress is measured, and that evidence is used to improve programs.

Beneficiary People

Directly, this project will mean an improvement in the quality of life of a total of 47,600 refugees from Cameroon and 5,000 people from host communities. Of which 53% of the total are women and girls. It should be noted that 51.5% of the total beneficiaries are boys and girls under 18 years of age.

Find out more

Learn about other projects carried out in refugee camps: Prevención y tratamiento contra la malaria entre refugiados cameruneses en Nigeria (fundacionprobitas.org)

 

Find out more: El conflicto de las lenguas coloniales desgarra Camerún | RTVE (2018), Silenciados: Camerún, con seguridad al otro lado del río | RTVE (2018), ACNUR - Emergencia en Nigeria, ACNUR - Aumenta el número de refugiados cameruneses que huyen a Nigeria hasta rozar los 60.000, Paludismo (who.int)