Health protection: access to drinking water and sanitation for Sudanese refugees in Chad
Improving the living conditions of the Sudanese refugee population is one of the cornerstones of the project that UNHCR, together with the Asturian Agency for Development Cooperation, will carry out in the camps at Farchana, Treguine, Bredjing and Gaga, located in the Region of Oyaddaï and in the areas of the camps at Djabal and Goz Amir in the region of Sila, in eastern Chad.
The socio-political and health situation is dire: the average person in the eastern camps has access to some 17 litres of water per day, when the minimum humanitarian standard is considered to be 20. The incidence rates of watery diarrhoea in children under age 5 in the 6 camps are: Bredjing, 16%; Treguine, 14%; Farchana, 22%; Gaga, 17%; Djabal, 13%; and Goz Amir, 18%.
This goal is pursued through the maintenance and repair of existing water distribution networks in the camps where the project is being implemented, and through the installation of submersible hand pumps for surface water wells. It is also pursued through the construction and/or revamping of sanitation infrastructures at the 6 camps where the project is active, and by mobilising the community to practice sound water management, and educating it about its availability, potability, and hygiene, these being some of the key points addressed.
The indirect beneficiaries are the 4,000 people from the local host communities.